Cannabis Glossary

Full Spectrum products are created from hemp through a full plant extraction. They contain naturally occurring cannabinoids (includes <0.3% THC), plant terpenes, flavonoids, vitamins, minerals, and plant proteins of the original hemp source.  These compounds work together, typically referred to as the “Entourage Effect,” multiplying the potential health benefits.

Broad Spectrum products are created by taking Full Spectrum extract and further processing it to remove trace amounts of THC. Broad Spectrum products contain an array of naturally occurring cannabinoids, plant terpenes, flavonoids, vitamins, minerals, and plant proteins from the original hemp source.  Similar to Full Spectrum products, these compounds work together in what is known as the “Entourage Effect,” multiplying the potential health benefits.

Isolate is created by removing all other molecules, except CBD, from the Full Spectrum extract, leaving the CBD in an dehydrated state.  All that remains is a white powder that is at least 99% pure CBD with 0% THC.

Cannabichromene (CBC) a non-psychoactive cannabinoid believed to have several medicinal benefits, including analgesic, antibacterial, anticancer, antidepressant, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory and anti-insomnia

Cannabidiol (CBD) a non-psychoactive cannabinoid believed to have wide-ranging medicinal benefits and therapeutic applications; the second most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis

Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) a non-psychoactive cannabinoid believed to have several medicinal benefits, including anticancer, antiemetic and anti-inflammatory; the precursor to cannabidiol (CBD)

Cannabigerol (CBG) a non-psychoactive cannabinoid believed to have several medicinal benefits and therapeutic applications; may partially counteract the psychoactive effect of THC and decrease anxiety and muscle tension

Cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that is a precursor to all other cannabinoids, including THC, CBD, CBC and CBG

Cannabinoid a class of chemical compounds present in cannabis that act on cannabinoid receptors in cells in the human nervous and immune systems

Cannabinol (CBN) a cannabinoid derived from THC degradation; shown to produce some psycho- active effects and believed to have several medicinal benefits, including analgesic, antibacterial, anti-convulsive, anti-inflammatory and anti-insomnia

Cannabis a genus of flowering plant consumed for therapeutic, medicinal, social or spiritual purposes and used to produce goods such as rope, paper, clothing and soap; includes three principal cannabis species: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis

Edible a food- or drink-based infused product intended for oral consumption; commonly baked goods, flavored drinks or candies

Endocannabinoid cannabinoids created naturally by the human body

FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration, an agency of the DHHS

Flower the flower of the cannabis plant, also known as “bud”; the highest concentration of active compounds present in cannabis are found in the flowers of unpollinated female cannabis plants

Hemp the fiber produced from the stalks of the cannabis plant, which can be used to produce goods such as rope, paper and clothing; also refers to varieties of cannabis cultivated to produce industrial hemp products

Homeostasis a process by which biological systems tend to maintain internal stability, or balance

Human endocannabinoid system a system of nervous and immune system receptors involved in regulating health and physiological functions within the human body

Hybrid a cannabis variety that is a genetic cross of two or more different cannabis species or varieties produced through sexual reproduction

Infused products a category of consumer cannabis products; ingestible products that have been infused with cannabinoids and other active compounds from the cannabis plant

Marijuana a slang term for dried cannabis flower; a legal term for certain parts and derivatives of the cannabis plant defined in the controlled substances act

Oil a category of viscous cannabis concentrates

Phytocannabinoid a molecule synthesized by plants. There are 113 known phytocannabinoids in the cannabis plant, including CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC, THC and THCV. Phytocannabinoids are used to treat a number of human and animal ailments.

Strain another term for a cannabis plant variety

Terpene a class of organic compounds present in cannabis and many other plants; responsible for a plant’s aroma and flavor; believed to have wide-ranging therapeutic applications

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and certain chemical variants, including delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol; the psychoactive compound in cannabis primarily responsible for the euphoric feeling of being “high”; the most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis; believed to have wide-ranging medicinal benefits and therapeutic applications

Tincture a concentrate suspended in an alcohol solution; usually placed under the tongue using a dropper (sublingual application)

Topical an infused product intended for topical application; typically a lotion, balm, cream, lubricant or transdermal patch

Trichome a crystalline or hairlike component that secretes cannabinoids, terpenes and other compounds; generally occur all over the cannabis plant, but found in highest concentration on the flower